El Poble Espanyol is one of the largest open-air architectural museums in Spain, located on the mountain of Montjuïc, in Barcelona.
Built in 1929 for the 6 month long Barcelona International Exhibition, Josep Puig i Cadafalch had an idea to build a town in which the architecture, style, and culture of various locations from around Spain could be displayed for the exhibition in a single place.
The intention was not to bring together a collection of masterpieces of Spanish architecture in the open-air museum. Instead, it was a matter of building a site that was a synthesis of monumental Spain to be displayed in Catalonia. This includes architecture and and cultural crafts from: Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla & Leon, Madrid, Murcia, Navarra, The Basque Country, Balearic Islands, Galicia, Extremadura, the Valencian Community and Catalonia.
According to Josep Puig i Cadafalch’s vision architects Francesc Folguera and Ramon Reventós designed 117 buildings, streets and squares to be reproduced to scale. Pieces were carefully selected taking into account criteria of aesthetic fit that could help create a harmonious overall composition in accordance with the "village" design.
The town was built in 13 months, although it was only needed for 6. It was supposed to be demolished at the end of the Barcelona International Exhibition, but was preserved after the impact it made on the people and because of the many voices who spoke out against its destruction.
It is one of the very few pieces from the exhibition that have still remained alive until our time.